Furniture Design / October 9, 2018 / Alexis Dent.
Most new homes are built with very simple molding to keep the cost of construction down. Will usually consist of a basic baseboard lining the
floors, with simple, narrow casings installed around windows and doors. However, if you want to give the interior of your home a unique and personal style, you can fit more elaborate molding options yourself at a later date. While this is a job that has a moderate level of difficulty, you can save yourself much money by doing the installation work yourself.
There are three basic types of decorative molding that you can install in your home. Baseboard runs along the ground and is designed the fill the gap between floors and walls. The casing is the molding that is placed around windows and doors to give them an elegant finished look.
You also have other more specialty molding options. Chair railing molding is placed at about 30 inches above the floor, running horizontally to protect them walls from chairs bumping back into them. Then there is banister molding which acts as the cap on the stair railing, spindles, which line the sides of a staircase also newel post, which is the central support column to a staircase.
When you choose the type of molding that you want to install you need to first look at the style of your home. The more classic and traditional your home is the more elaborate and ornate you can get. However, this seems out of place in modern or ranch style homes, where a simpler design should use.
Once you have chosen a style, you should draw up a floor plan of the room to determine how much wood you are going to need. Do your best to buy as much material as you need, then get a few extra feet to allow you to create seams or fill in gaps.
Allow the wood to rest in the room it will be used in for a few days before you start working so it can adjust to the temperature. Then using careful
measurements begin to cut the wood to size, using the proper miter angles to ensure that joints and seams will fit together correctly. Here you need to be very careful, using the old admonishment “measure twice, cut once” to ensure that every piece is used successfully with no waste.
Small gaps can be taken care of with filler, but try your best to avoid any large spaces between the wood. Once you have everything lined up correctly and sized to your exact specifications, you can begin to nail the molding to the wall using artificial finishing nails. Use a small hammer or nail
gun, and then set the head beneath the surface of the material with a countersink.
At this point, caulk can be used to fill gaps and wood filler can be used to cover up nail holes. Try to use these materials sparingly as they will often stain a slightly different color than the wood itself.