Windows Interior / October 7, 2018 / Alexis Dent.
People always watched glass a mysterious element: a sophisticated liquid that shines in light conditions although it made out of the sand.
The persistence of tradition
The ones that invented stained glass are said to be either the Phoenicians or the Egyptians. Starting from antiquity until the middle ages on the Mediterranean shores there were used panels of alabaster incrusted with colored glass to close the open windows. Still, the first to use stained glass were the Romans which fixed “slices” of sphere glasses in metallic frames. However, the right stained glass window will appear much later, in the century with the building of the first gothic monument: Saint-Denis monastery.
The medieval craftsmen made complicated immortalizations of some theological interpretations of biblical events. With saturated colors, with a vibrant touch of the senses, or using subtle combinations using shapes rounded in carefully delimited fields, the stained glass played an essential role in the gothic church.
With the start of the Renaissance, a new age in the stained glass art starts. It becomes a clear picture on the glass. It’s the moment of a general changing in painting which finds its place mainly in architectural ornaments. The colors are less lively; the attention drops on the scenes, the glass invaded with figures. Slowly, the society is moving away from the church, so this puts its mark on this domain, glass paintings migrating towards public building and private homes
The interest for gothic architecture ignited by the penetration of the romantic trend in England sparks a spectacular revival of the old stained glass. After a group made of a science team and historians rediscover the secrets of it, Bolton brothers will found in America a workshop for old styled glass which will become a real trend until the distinctive American style appears. They wanted to produce a lens with own visual effects, without being painted. Launched in 1987 by Le Forge, Tiffany was the one responsible with promoting it.
Between the two world wars, an inevitable change of tastes and a general decline of the stained glass industry recorded. However, after this period is finished, abstractionists and expressionists will explore new edges of the stained glass.
The evolution of techniques
The old traditional technique was unchanged for centuries. However, since 1989 nontoxic lead replaced the expensive one. Permanent improvements have made to it; a significant one would be the “American method” which reduces considerably the work time and costs keeping the aesthetic standards. Stained glass can mount on any types of doors, windows which also strengthens their mechanical resistance. If the ensemble is big, it’s recommended to fit between two protective transparent glasses